To better understand how you got psoriasis you need to first of all understand what the infection entails. Psoriasis is actually one of the most irritating and unpredictable skin disorders, ranked among the most persistent and baffling skin infections.
It is usually characterized by part of skin cells multiplying up to ten times faster than normal. When the underlying skin cells come on the surface of the skin they die, and their sheer volume results into raised, red plaques which are often covered with white scales. Typically, psoriasis often occurs on the scalp, elbows, and knees. Chances are that it can also affect the soles of the feet, palms and the torso.
Symptoms of Psoriasis
The symptoms of the skin disorder vary depending on their types. Some of the most common psoriasis symptoms include:-
- Plaques of red skin; normally covered with silver-like scales. These lesions sometimes crack and bleed, so they are generally itchy and painful. If the case is severe, the plaques grow and merge to cover larger areas.
- Disorders of the toenails and fingernails, which include pitting and decolorization of the nails. The nails may also detach from the nail bed, or they may crumble.
- Crust on the scalp or plaques of scales.
Types of Psoriasis
Psoriasis is associated with psoriatic arthritis. This condition is characterized by swelling and pain in the joints. According to research, 30 percent of psoriasis sufferers are additionally patients of psoriatic arthritis. Other forms of psoriasis include:-
- Pustular psoriasis – It is characterized by scaly and red skin on the palms of the feet and/or hands with small pustules.
Guttate psoriasis – This type usually starts during young adulthood or even at childhood. It is characterized by red and tiny spots, majorly on limbs and the torso. Inappropriate usage of beta-blocker and anti-malarial medications, injury of the skin, stress, tonsillitis, strep throat, and respiratory infections can trigger guttate psoriasis.
- Inverse psoriasis – This type is characterized by shiny and bright red lesions that occur in skin folds such as under the breasts, groin, and armpits.
- Erythrodermic psoriasis – This type is characterized by shedding of scales in sheets and periodic, fiery redness of the skin. Withdrawal from certain medications, infection, severe sunburn, and withdrawal from a systemic psoriasis treatment can result into this type of psoriasis.
Causes of Psoriasis
A number of factors including streptococcal infection and emotional trauma & stress can result into psoriasis. Researches indicate that any abnormality in the immune system can lead to the condition. Most doctors believe that external conditions like death of loved ones, loss of jobs and any kind of emotional trauma are capable of triggering defects of the immune system, which intern trigger psoriasis.
Some drugs and injured skin can lead to psoriasis. You need to never stop medications such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), anti-malarial medication hydroxychloroquine, and blood pressure medication (beta-blocker) abruptly or before the dosage is completed.
You should understand that psoriasis also run in some families, although it may skip some generations. The condition is generally embarrassing and stressful, but outbreaks of the disorder are rare. Above all, with apt treatment, the condition can be completely curbed a few weeks after it begins.